Case studies

Dry room for Li-ion batteries

Cleanroom Design & Build
Dry Room for Anaphite

Key facts

39.15m² dry room

with a main area and combined airlock and gowning area

CFD airflow analysis

ensured even distribution of horizontal airflow

Multi-rotor system

to quickly drive the dry room down to specification 

Ultra-low dewpoint air supply

that can be driven down to minus 75°Cdp

The client

Anaphite is a chemistry company developing CNT enhanced cathode powders that can be used to produce dry coated electrodes for low-cost, high-performance Li-ion batteries. Anaphite believes this technology can enable no-compromise sustainable transportation for everyone by allowing dry-coated Li-ion battery electrodes to achieve electrochemical performance parity with wet coating.

Anaphite’s proprietary compositing process enables the incorporation of advanced carbons into existing Li-ion battery cathode active materials, such as NMC and LFP. After developing the proof of concept in a small R&D lab with fume cupboards, the company expanded with a scale-up facility in 2022.

Anaphite has the capability to produce and tests cells containing their enhanced cathode materials in-house, using industry standard equipment. As the formulations including high nickel cathode active materials that Anaphite develop are moisture sensitive, Anaphite appointed Angstrom Technology to build a dry room within the new scale-up facility. To disregard any effects of moisture affecting materials, Anaphite needed an ultra-low dewpoint air supply that could be driven down to minus 75°Cdp, with a target return of at least minus 40°Cdp measured at the point of air return.

Angstrom partners with industry partners DRYAIR to deliver complete dry room systems with energy-efficient HVAC systems. The new LDP design used for Anaphite’s dry room was developed with Desiccant Technologies Group. The series represents one of the most energy-efficient systems on the market. The design is available up to 50,000 m³/h in airflow and, due to its compact design, can be delivered in a single “plug and play” piece, reducing installation time and risk onsite.

The 39.15m² dry room has two distinct zones: a main area and a combined airlock and gowning area. The airlock acts as a buffer and minimises the effects of door usage by preventing uncontrolled air from infiltrating the main area. Pressure cascades and a specially designed shroud located at the exit point to create a curtain of dry air further help to reduce moisture transfer during door opening.

Angstrom completed CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) airflow analysis on the dry room area. This ensured even distribution of horizontal airflow across the entire process. Analysis was performed prior to construction allowing the design team to replicate conditions and ensure compliance within construction phase.

The envelope is an integral part of the dehumidification system. The fully sealed panel system combined with fully welded stainless steel has an ultra-low air leakage rate. With an overall infiltration target of 0.02m3/h.m at 50Pa, in accordance with BS EN 14509, to insulate the dry room and protect it from moisture ingress.

For consistent surface resistivity, doors have the same surface finish as the rest of the building envelope.

Cleanliness wasn’t an initial requirement, but a classified level of cleanliness protects Anaphite’s materials and scientific processes. And so, Angstrom incorporated HEPA filtration to deliver ISO 14644-1 Class 7 compliant air within the main area.

The main requirement for the dry room was the target dew point and the size, but Anaphite also needed the dry room to be modular. As a start-up, demands, and requirements can soon change, so a modular and relocatable design gives Anaphite the flexibility to adapt to unforeseen changes. The dehumidifier unit, amongst other elements of the project build, is movable, satisfying the need for modularity.

“We are delighted with the dry room solution provided by Angstrom Technology for our scale-up facility at Anaphite. Angstrom met our requirements and exceeded our expectations with its expertise and innovative approach. With the dual rotor system, we can quickly reach our target dewpoint in less than 15 minutes. Angstrom’s expertise, attention to detail, and commitment to our goals have proven invaluable in our journey to revolutionise the battery industry.” Dr. Charlie Hall. Project and Operations Manager, Anaphite Ltd

Dr. Charlie Hall
Project and Operations Manager


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